Roy Taylor qualified in medicine at the University of Edinburgh, and is Professor of Medicine and Metabolism at Newcastle University and Honorary Consultant at Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust. He has been conducting research on type 2 diabetes since 1978, and has used a wide range of methods to understand the condition. Professor Taylor sequentially studied human adipose tissue, fibroblasts, muscle and then liver and whole body. He worked with Professor Gerald Shulman at Yale in 1990-91, and laying the basis for subsequent research. He created the Newcastle Magnetic Resonance Centre in 2006 and has focussed on developing techniques to elucidate how food is handled by the body in health and disease. Recently he has demonstrated that type 2 diabetes can be reversed to normal by decreasing liver and pancreas fat content, throwing light on the aetiology of a condition previously regarded as complex and heterogenous.
Professor Taylor developed the system now used throughout the United Kingdom for screening for diabetic eye disease, which has been demonstrated to decrease blindness rates in diabetes. He has produced books and other teaching aids for retinal screeners and co-founded the British Association of Retinal Screeners.
He has delivered several named lectures: The Croom Lecture of The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (1988). The Honyman Gillespie Lecture of Edinburgh Medical Faculty (1992). The RD Lawrence (2001), Arnold Bloom (2005), Banting (2012) and Harry Keen Rank Nutrition Lecture (2016) of Diabetes UK. The Samuel Gee lecture of The Royal College of Physicians of London (2017).
Diet as a cure of type 2 diabetes – lessons from the DIRECT STUDY